"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
Appendix I
OKB is a transliteration of the Russian acronym for "Опытное конструкторское бюро" - Opytnoe Konstructorskoe Byuro, meaning Experimental Design Bureau. During the Soviet era, OKBs were closed institutions working on design and prototyping of advanced technology, usually for military applications.
A bureau was officially identified by a number, and often semi-officially by the name of the lead designer - for example, OKB-51 was led by Pavel Sukhoi, and eventually became known as OKB of Sukhoi. Successful and famous bureaus often retained this name even after the death or replacement of that designer.
These relatively small state-run organizations were not intended for mass production of aircraft, rockets, or other vehicles or equipment they designed. However they usually had the facilities and resources to construct prototypes. Designs accepted by the state were then assigned to factories for mass production.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, many OKB's became Scientific Production Organizations "Научно-производственное объединение" abbreviated to NPO. There were some attempts to merge them in the 1990s, and there were widespread amalgamations in 2001-2006 to create "national champions", such as Almaz-Antey to consolidate SAM development.
OKBs in Aerospace Industry
OKB-1 - Korolev today "RSC Energia"
OKB-1 - Dr. Brunholff Baade disbanded by 1953 "Alekseyev banished here to oversee the German teams"
OKB-2 - Early Name of MKB Raduga "OKB-155-2"
OKB-3 - Bratukhin 
OKB-4 - Molniya 
OKB-8 - Novator "Long-Range SAMs"
OKB-19 - Shvetsov, Soloviev. Now: "Perm MKB".
OKB-20 - Klimov, Omsk-Motors 
OKB-21 - Alexeyev 
OKB-23 - Myasishchev also "OKB-482"
OKB-24 - Mikulin 
OKB-26 - Klimov 
OKB-39 - Ilyushin 
OKB-45 - Klimov 
OKB-47 - Yakovlev Originally, Transferred to Shcherbakov 
OKB-49 - Beriev 
OKB-51 - Sukhoi 
OKB-52 - Chelomei 
OKB-86 - Bartini 
OKB-115 - Yakovlev 
OKB-117 - Klimov, Izotov 
OKB-120 - Zhdanov 
OKB-124 - N/A "Cooling Systems for Tu-121"
OKB-134 - Vympel 
OKB-140 - N/A "First Hydro-Alcohol Starter-Generators for Tu-121"
OKB-153 - Antonov 
OKB-154 - Kosberg, previously "OKB-296"
OKB-155 - Mikoyan formerly "Mikoyan-Gurevich"
OKB-155-2 - Sometimes Designated as "OKB-2-155" OKB-155 Spin-Off in Dubna. Gurevich, Berezniak-Isaev (BI)... Now MKB Raduga.
OKB-156 - Tupolev 
OKB-165 - Lyulka 
OKB-207 - Borovkov,and Florov 
OKB-240 - Yermolaev 
OKB-256 - Tsybin 
OKB-276 - Kuznetsov 
OKB-296 - Renamed to OKB-154 in 1946 KB Khimatovmatika
OKB-300 - Tumansky 
OKB-301 - Lavochkin 
OKB-329 - Mil 
SKB-385 - Makeev 
OKG-456 - Glushko 
OKB-458 - Chetverikov 
OKB-478 - Ivchenko 
OKB-586 - Yangel 
OKB-692 - JSC "Khartron" formerly "KB" Electropriborostroeniya, then NPO "Electropribor"
OKB-938 - Kamov 
Revised: 01/27/2013 – 03:55:13