"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
Appendix XV
Minsk Automobile Plant
Coordinates: 53°51'34"N 27°39'31"E
Number of Plant Locations: 1 
Net Income: US$ 167 million in 2011
Website: http://maz.by 
Minsk, Belarus
Minsk Automobile Plant "MAZ", Russian: "Открытое Акционерное Общество" "Минский автомобильный завод", Open JSC "Minsky Avtomobilny Zavod" is a state-run automotive manufacturer association in Minsk, Belarus, one of the largest in Eastern Europe.
It was built shortly after the Second World War. The first MAZ model "MAZ-200" used General Motors designed 2-stroke engines. Later on their own original engines were developed and implemented in the MAZ-500 series. Not only the plant itself, but the entire living infrastructure were built in a short time. Apartment buildings, shops, medical clinics, cinemas etc. were built in close proximity to the MAZ plant, providing plant workers with local "though limited" necessities. On many of the construction sites German prisoners of war were working together with Russian construction workers. The majority of these buildings are still in service today.
It manufactures heavy-duty trucks, buses, trolleybuses, road tractors and semi-trailers for semi-trailer trucks, and cranes. MAZ was, and possibly is, the worlds largest manufacturer of TELs "Transporter-Erector-Launchers" [See Appendix XIX] for many of the world's mobile ballistic missiles, from the widely proliferated MAZ-543 used to carry and launch the Scud B through to the recent Topol M's impressive 8-axle TEL.
At the end of Soviet times, MAZ was the largest manufacturer of heavy trucks in the Soviet Union, and the only one for some truck categories. After the Soviet Union dissolved, MAZ production was reduced substantially, as has happened with many enterprises in the ultra-industrialized Belarus, oriented on the needs of a very big country. The previously mentioned production of public transport vehicles was a result of following diversification of the company.
The association consists of the MAZ plant proper, located in Minsk, which is the main enterprise of the association, as well as several secondary enterprises:
  • РУП "БААЗ" in Baranavichy
  • РУП "ОЗАА" in Asipovichy
  • РУА "КЗТШ" in Zhodino
  • РУП "Литмаш" in Minsk
  • ПРУП "ДЭМЗ" in Dzyarzhynsk
  • РУП "СтройМАЗтрест" in Minsk
At some points of its history, MAZ was "united" with another heavy automobile company - BELAZ also located in Minsk area.
In 1991 a division specializing in heavy wheeled military vehicles was spun off into a separate business, MZKT. 
Among other recent products, MAZ city buses can be found all over Belarus as well as in the Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Poland and Estonia.
In Serbia, working in cooperation with a local-based company BIK "Bus Industries Kragujevac", a production of gas-powered buses named BIK-203 has been agreed, which are based on the platform of MAZ-203 model. These buses have been delivered at several Serbian towns to be in use in public transportation companies.
In 1997 together with "MAN" – "MAN" a joint Belarusian-German company JSC "MAZ-MAN", Minsk was set up, which by 1998 had established full-scale production of heavy vehicles using the chassis and engine production might of MAN and MAZ combined. One of the priorities of the enterprise is the production of tractors for international trade with 4x2 and 6x4 chassis lay outs, suitable for use in Europe and to meet all European requirements. Based on the MAZ-MAN they have produced concrete mixers, fueling vehicles, flatbed trucks, dump trucks, front-end loaders etc.
Production of the Belarusian-German company demonstrated the advantage of technology created by combining the abilities and experience of auto makers of two countries. Compared to European models in the same class and quality range, MAZ-MAN products are on average 30% cheaper. Currently 98% of MAZ-MAN comply with Euro-3.
In 2004, the joint venture made 272 vehicles, which is 45% higher than 2003. At the same time in 2003, output in comparison with 2002 increased by 50%.
28 November 2005 MAZ-MAN sold 1000 of the first MAZ-MAN tractor to customers.
MAZ Models
Special Models
  • MAZ-535 MAZ-537 - The MAZ-535 and the heavier version MAZ-537 were developed in the early 1960s and built to transport rockets and tanks of various types.
  • MAZ-543 - The MAZ-543 was also designed for the transport of medium-and long-range missiles and has the same specifications as the MAZ-537. The MAZ-543 is best known as mobile missile launch pad of Scud missiles. In addition, 
  • there are various modifications of the vehicle, such as the MAZ-547 as a mobile launch pad for SS-20 missiles or the MAZ-7917 as a launch pad of Topol intercontinental missile.
  • MAZ-7904 - The MAZ-7904 is the largest wheeled vehicle that was ever designed for military purposes in the USSR. The prototype was designed in 1982 as a support vehicle for intercontinental ballistic missiles, but never went into  production. The MAZ-7904 was found in 2007.
  • MAZ-7907 - The MAZ-7907 was designed in 1985 and two prototypes were produced, of which at least one seems to have been used after the collapse of the USSR for transportation of bridge parts and ships. Their fate is unclear.
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Revised: 01/29/2013 – 21:11:41