“TheCeļotājs”
"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
 
Appendix XVIII
 
MAZ-543 Special Wheeled Chassis 
 
              
 
    
The MAZ-543 heavy truck was developed to fulfill a number of duties in remote areas
 
MAZ-543 Special Wheeled Chassis Specifications
 
   
 
From the MAZ-537 series the MAZ-543 evolved as a specialist carrier vehicle which was used to carry numerous missile and rocket systems. It was designed in the 1960s and entered service with the Soviet military in 1962. It was first publicly revealed in 1965 as a part of SS-1 Scud-B Ballistic Missile System.
 
All MAZ-543 heavy trucks and their derivatives have forward control cabs, some versions using separate compartments on each side of the engine, each with tandem seating for two.
 
The MAZ-543 is powered by a standard tank engine, developing 525 hp. The same engine, as well as many other automotive components were used from the previous MAZ-537. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. Standard equipment includes an engine pre-heater and powerful cab heaters. This heavy load carrier is also fitted with a central type inflation system.
 
The MAZ-543 was used to carry numerous missile and rocket systems such as the SS-1 Scud series, and the SSC-3 coastal defense missile. Other vehicles are used as command and erector vehicles for the SA-10 Grumble missile system.
 
In the early 90s a new vehicle was developed to replace the MAZ-543. It is the MZKT-7930 "Astrolog", which entered service with the Russian Army in 2000 and is currently produced in small numbers.
 
Variants
 
MAZ-543P a baseline chassis with a payload capacity of 19 600kg. It was used to carry the SS-12 Scaleboard medium range ballistic missile;
 
MAZ-543A appeared in 1967. It is a more capable version, with a payload capacity of 22000kg. Layout of the engine compartment was revised. It was used as a base for the Smerch MLRS. There were also experimental emergency vehicle and crane, that did not reached production;
 
MAZ-543M improved version, which appeared in the early 70s. It had some improvements over it's predecessor. Passenger cabin on the right was removed and replaced with engine compartment;
 
MAZ-7310 cargo truck intended for civilian application. It is a variant of the basic series. This vehicle was revealed in 1974 and entered production in 1976. Other variants of this vehicle are the MAZ-7510 dump truck, and the MAZ-7910 pipeline carrier. An aircraft crash tender, the AA-60 "7310"-160.1, has also been produced. At least one experimental variant powered by a 1100 hp gas turbine has been developed for trials;
 
MAZ-7410 is a prime mover with a shorter wheelbase, which entered production in the mid-70s.
 
MZKT-7930 Special Wheeled Chassis
 
    
The MZKT-7930 special wheeled chassis is used to carry various missile systems
 
MZKT-7930 Special Wheeled Chassis Specifications 
 
   
The MZKT-7930 special wheeled chassis was developed in Belarus the early 1990s. Sometimes this vehicle is nicknamed the "Astrolog". It was designed to replace the ageing MAZ-543 special wheeled chassis. The first prototype was completed in 1994. The MZKT-7930 was accepted to service with the Russian Army in the early 2000. Currently this special wheeled chassis is produced in small numbers.
 
The MZKT-7930 8x8 wheeled chassis has a payload capacity of 24000 kg. It is mainly used to mount various weapon systems. This heavy load carrier is primarily designed for off-road applications.
 
A forward control cab of the MZKT-7930 accommodates driver and two passengers.
 
The MZKT-7930 is powered by a YaMZ-846 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 500 hp. For export customers it is proposed with a Deutz BF8M diesel engine, developing 544 hp, coupled with Allison automatic transmission. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive and is fitted with a central type inflation system.
 
This high mobility vehicle is used as a chassis for the Iskander-E short range ballistic missile system and Bal-E costal defense missile system, TMM-6 heavy mechanized bridge and other applications. It also carries radar of the S-400 missile system.
 
BM-30 Smerch Multiple Launch Rocket System 
 
              
 
         
     The BM-30 Smerch is the most powerful multiple launch rocket system in the world
 
BM-30 Smerch Multiple Launch Rocket System Specifications 
 
   
 
The BM-30 Smerch "tornado" is the most powerful multiple launch rocket system in the world. It was developed in the early 1980s and was accepted to service with the Soviet Army in 1987. Currently Russian Army operates just over 100 of these artillery rocket systems. It saw combat during both Russian wars in Chechnya. Other operators are Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kuwait, Peru, Ukraine and the United Arab Emirates.
 
Russian designation for the whole artillery system is the 9K58, while the launching vehicle is the 9A52.
 
The BM-30 Smerch has 12 tubes for 300mm rockets. The standard rocket is 7.6m long and weights 800kg. This multiple launch rocket system has firing range of 20 - 70km. Rockets are fitted with a range and direction correction system for better accuracy. A number of rockets are developed for this vehicle, including HE-FRAG, fuel-air explosive, incendiary, cluster with anti-personnel and anti-tank mines or self-guided anti-tank munitions. Launcher is capable of single or salvo firing. A full salvo of this rocket system covers area of 67 hectares.
 
The Smerch launch vehicle is prepared for firing within 3 minutes. It takes the same amount of time to leave firing position. Rockets are launched directly form the cab, or remotely form the vehicle. A full salvo takes 38 seconds.
 
The Smerch launching vehicle is based on the MAZ-543 8x8 heavy high mobility truck. Vehicle is powered by the D12A-525A 38.9-liter diesel engine, developing 525 horsepower. It is fitted with a central type inflation system.
 
Reloading of the BM-30 is assisted by the 9T234-2 reloading vehicle. It is based on a similar modified MAZ-543A chassis. The reloading vehicle is fitted with hydraulic crane and carries a full set of 12 reload rockets. Reloading takes 36 minutes. A Smerch unit is typically composed of six launchers and six reloading vehicles. Reloading usually takes place away from the firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire.
 
The fire control system of the Smerch, the Vivari, can function automatically or under manual control. The Vivari system is housed in a command vehicle and controls six launchers. it calculates ballistic and targeting data of each launcher.
 
Variants 
 
              
 
Smerch-M, improved multiple launch rocket system with new navigation and targeting systems. It is compatible with new extended-range, with a maximum range of up to 90km. The latest launcher variant has the designation 9A52-2. It is based on the MAZ-543M 8x8 heavy high mobility truck;
 
9A52-2T Smerch, variant based on the Tatra 10x10 chassis. It is in service with the Indian Army;
 
9A52-4 lighter variant of the Smerch, based on KamAZ 8x8 truck. It has a six-pack launcher for 300mm rockets. The whole launching container is replaced after firing all rockets;
 
Type 03 or PHL03 is a Chinese copy of the Smerch.
 
Automobiles MAZ-MAH
Minsk Republic of Belarus 
 
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Revised: 01/27/2013 – 17:43:55