“TheCeļotājs”
"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
 
NKVD World War II Operations
 
         
 
Prior to the German invasion, in order to accomplish its own goals, the NKVD was prepared to cooperate even with such organizations as the German Gestapo. In March 1940 representatives of the NKVD and the Gestapo met for one week in Zakopane, to coordinate the pacification of Poland. For its part, the Soviet Union delivered hundreds of German and Austrian Communists to the Gestapo, as unwanted foreigners, together with their documents. However, some NKVD units were later to fight the Wehrmacht, for example the 10th NKVD Rifle Division, which fought at the Battle of Stalingrad.
 
During World War II, NKVD units were used for rear area security, including stopping desertion. At the beginning of the war the NKVD formed 15 rifle divisions, which were eventually expanded to a total of 53 divisions and 28 brigades by 1945. Though mainly intended for internal security, NKVD divisions were sometimes used in the front-lines, for example during the breakthrough in Crimea. Unlike the Waffen-SS, the NKVD did not field any armored or mechanized units.
 
In liberated territory the NKVD and “later” NKGB carried out mass arrests, deportations, and executions. The targets included both collaborators with Germany and non-Communist resistance movements such as the Polish Armia Krajowa. The NKVD also executed tens of thousands of Polish political prisoners in 1939–1941, inter alia committing Katyń massacre. NKVD units were also used to wage the prolonged partisan war in the Ukraine and the Baltic's, which lasted until the early 1950s.
 
The main function of the NKVD was to protect the state security of the Soviet Union. This function was successfully accomplished through massive political repression, including the use of sanctioned political murders and assassinations.
 
There is an unknown and unpublished fact that the Soviet NKVD during the Nazi Army invasion of the Soviet Union was responsible for handing over to the Nazi Gestapo, SS and SD. Tens of thousands of Jews that had fled to the Soviet Union in the wake of the advancing Nazi Army. And before the Nazi Army had invaded the Baltic's States and the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941.
 
Even the tens of thousands of Soviet Union Jews were not safe from being turned over to the Nazi Gestapo to be taken to Nazi Concentration Camps or just outright murdered. As for the exact number of Jews that the Soviet NKVD had turned over to the Nazi Gestapo is unknown today, for the Soviet Union has had over 60 years to hide this information.
 
On 16 June 1940, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov presented the Latvian representative in Moscow an ultimatum to be answered within six hours. Based on unfounded accusations and accusing Latvia of violations of the pact. 
 
               
Red Army entering Riga Latvia on 17 June 1940
 
The Soviets demanded that Latvia immediately form a new government and allow an unlimited number of Soviet troops enter the country. Latvia could not resist the aggression and conceded.
 
On 17 June 1940 the Red Army crossed the Borders of the Republic of Latvia and occupied the country. At the same time the Red Army entered the City of Riga, the capital of Latvia by crossing the Iron Bridge starting the occupation of Latvia on the 17 June 1940. The gruesome period of Soviet rule begun, known by its name as “The Horrible Year”. At the same time, the Jewish citizens of Latvia welcomed the Soviets and the Red Army with open arms and the  beginning of Soviet rule. At the same time Jewish criminals were released from Latvia's Central Prison and took there place in the new Soviet government of Latvia known as the Latvia SSR. Some of the criminals had long criminal records, but were still appointed as leaders of the Latvian Supreme Council or other leader posts. The Latvian police and military came under stone throwing Jewish groups and were targeted for harsh treatment and persecution. Untrained Jewish citizen took over the duties of the former police or became military leaders with some receiving ranks of captains and even colonels. Even the Latvian Boarder Guard Service was disbanded in October of 1940 since the NKVD took over border patrol duties. Private and Commercial property was nationalized. Even the common citizens were targeted for persecution. Those that didn't embrace the new government and leadership "Socialism" or "Communism" were arrested and jailed or deported to far regions of Russia and forced labor camps to never be seen again. Even prominent people, such as writers, actors, teachers, political leaders and etc. were jailed and later were either deported to force labor camps or were simply executed and their bodies dumped in mass graves. Even religions didn't go unscaved, churches were closed and their building were then nationalized and then turned into either warehouses, meeting houses, theaters or what ever the people of the new government needed them for. Even the  churches furnishings were either destroyed or packed up and sent to Moscow. Even the churches bells were taken down and shipped off to Moscow to never be seen again. The communisms were very good at destroying anything that didn't fit their propaganda programs. These people even went through cemeteries and dug up graves of people they deemed unacceptable to their concept and ideology. They even stripped headstones of anything of value, metal picture frames. and even name plates. There was no end to what the communist did or would do to promote their propaganda concept and ideology. 
 
On 5 August 1940, the Supreme Council of the USSR admitted Latvia as the 15th Republic of the Soviet Union “Lithuania had joined the Soviet Union on 3 August, Estonia followed on 6 August”. Nevertheless, although it had lost its sovereignty de facto, Latvia continued to exist de jure, in international law, since many nations including the United States and Switzerland never acknowledged its annexation.
 
The Soviet dealt harshly with their opponents prior to the German invasion, in less than a year, at least 27, 586 Latvians were arrested; most were deported, and 945 Latvians were just plain murdered. While under German occupation, Latvia was administered as part of Reichskommissariat Ostland. Latvian paramilitary and Auxiliary Police units established by occupation authority participated in the Holocaust as well. More then 200,000 Latvian citizens died during World War II, including approximately 75,000 Latvian Jews murdered during the Nazi occupation. Latvian soldiers fought on both sides of the conflict, including in the Latvian Legion of the Waffen-SS, most of them conscripted by the occupying Nazi and Soviet authorities. [See Latvian Legion Story and its History]
 
 
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Revised: 02/09/2013 – 15:56:44