“TheCeļotājs”
"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
 
The Border Guard Service of Russia 
 
          
                              Border Guard Service of Russia Logo and Emblem
 
      
 
The Border Service of Russia, Russian: "Пограничная служба России", also called the Border Force of Russia "Пограничные войска России, Pogranichnyie Voiska Rossii" is a branch of Federal Security Service of Russia tasked with patrol of the Russian border. In English, the terms "Border Guards" and "Border Troops" are frequently used to designate this service. The Border service includes the Russian Maritime Border Guard Units "i.e., a Coast Guard".
 
History
 
Imperial Russia
 
Border Guards were created in the Russian Empire in the 18th century, however, the origin of the Russian border service can be traced to Prince Mikhail Vorotynsky and his Great Abatis Border in the 16th century. In 1782 Catherine II of Russia created Border Customs Guards originally manned by Russian Cossacks as well as low-ranking cavalry troops. General Mikhail Barklay de Tolly organized in 1810 numerous border posts consisted of 11 regiments of Don and Bug Cossacks along all Western Russian border. Within two years Russian Border Guards were first to fight the Napoleon's invasion of Russia. In 1832 Cossacks and cavalry were replaced by armed customs officials subordinate to the ministry of finance in peacetime "in wartime the border guards were automatically transferred to the army". In the same year the coast guard was created, originally to observe Black sea and Azov sea coasts. In 1893 Count Sergei Witte Russian minister of finance in the Alexander III's government reformed the service into Separate Corpus of Border Guards a para-military rather than civilian organization headed by an army general. In 1906 about 40 000 soldiers and officers served in the Separate Corpus of Border Guards responsible for the defense of the vast Imperial border.
 
Soviet Period
 
      
                             NKVD border guards watching the frontier
 
Soviet Border Troops, "Russian: Пограничные войска СССР, Pogranichnyie Voiska SSSR" were the militarized border guard of the Soviet Union, subordinated to its subsequently reorganized state security agency: first to Cheka/OGPU, then to NKVD/MGB and, finally, to KGB. Accordingly, they were known as NKVD Border Troops and KGB Border Troops "with Russian abbreviations - НКВД СССР/- КГБ СССР added on the end of official names". Unlike border
guards of many other countries, Soviet Border Troops were a centralized force including also the maritime border guard units "i.e., a Coast Guard".
 
Modern Period
 
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Federal Border Guard Service of Russia was created on 30 December 1993 and given a status of separate ministry. This organization retained some old traditions, most notably the green-colored uniform and "Border Guarder's Day" "an official holiday commemorated by celebrations of ex-servicemen". First minister of FBS "Federal Border Service" was Andrei Nikolayev, young and outspoken general who later became deputy of the State Duma. Russian Border Guards were also stationed outside of Russia most notably in southern Tajikistan, in order to guard the border with Afghanistan, until summer 2005. On Afghan-Tajik border on many occasions they were engaged in heavy fighting with drug-traffickers and Islamic extremists. Armenia's border with Turkey and Iran is also still guarded by the Russians. On 11 March 2003 Russian president Vladimir Putin changed the status of Border Guard Service from a separate ministry into a branch of Russian Federal Security Service. The current head of Border Guard Service of Russia is General Vladimir Pronichev. Border Guard Service of Russia is still tasked with a defense of the longest national border in the world.
 
In April 2012 Vladimir Pronichev announced that the country was planning to build 20 frontier posts in the Arctic region. Reasons for this development can be found in the increased abilities to explore hydrocarbon deposits in the north. It will also give Russia an ability to patrol and service the Northern Sea Route.
 
Mission
  • Responsibilities of Border Guard Service of Russia include:
    • defense of the Russian national border, prevention of illegal crossing of the land and sea border by people and goods "smuggling".
    • protection of economic interests of the Russian Federation and its natural resources within land and sea border areas, territorial waters and internal seas, including prevention of poaching and illegal fishing.
    • combat any threats to national security in the border area, including terrorism and foreign infiltration.
Organization
 
Command
  • The head of the Border Service - Army General Vladimir Egorovich Pronichev "Deputy Director of Russia's FSB"
  • First Deputy Head of the Border Service - Lieutenant-General Vladimir Rozhkov
  • First Deputy Head of the Border Service - the head of the Organizational Department, Colonel-General Mansur Masgutovich Valiev
  • Deputy head of Russia's FSB Border Service - the chief international treaty management Lieutenant-General Alexander L. Manilov
  • Deputy Chief of the Border Service - Lieutenant-General Victor Trofimovich Trufanov
  • Deputy Chief of the Border Service - Maj. Gen. Alexander O. Mizon
  • Deputy Chief of the Border Service - Maj. Gen. Nikolai Nikolaevich Rybalkin
  • Deputy Chief of the Border Service - Lieutenant General Gennady Semenovich Simuhin
 
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Revised: 02/10/2013 – 13:23:21