“TheCeļotājs”
"Latvia" Former Soviet Union Military Bases
 
Vaiņode Former Soviet Union IRBM “Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles”
R-14U “SS-5 Mod 2 Skean” Deployment Base Missiles
“Chusovaya" type Silo Complex with 3 Underground Launch Silos. –
Missiles that could have been found at Vaiņode Former Soviet Union IRBM “Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile” Base
Lat: N56.47321, Lon: E021.83453
Please Note: This Base is now destroyed, destruction started in June 2012 and Completed in October 2012 
Brūveri, Embūtes parish, Latvia 
 
    
     Right side view of two vehicle-mounted Soviet R-14U missiles "SS-5 Skean" IRBM "1977".
 
R-14U Missile Specifications
 
    
 
The R–14 "Chusovaya", Russian: "Чусовая" was a theatre ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was given the [NATO] reporting name "SS–5 Skean" and was known by GRAU Index Number 8K65. It was designed by Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel. Chusovaya is the name of a river in Russia. Line production was undertaken by facility No 1001 in Krasnoyarsk.
 
The R-14U "Chusovaya" Missile had an Operational Range of 3,700km "2299 Miles". From Vaiņode Latvia IRBM launch pads [See Appendix XVI]. that were located at Lat: N56.47321, Lon: E021.83453 their reported targets were the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, [See Appendix XVII]
 
PO Polyot [See Appendix XIV]
MAZ "Minsk Automobile Plant" [See Appendix XV]
Chusovaya River
 
The missile was gradually replaced by SS–20 missiles and by the mid 1980s most had been taken out of service. The last missiles were scrapped on 9 August 1989. 
 
R-14U "Chusovaya" Complex
01. Vaiņode RVSN Missile Silo Complex
02. R–14U Missile on Installer
03. Vaiņode R–14U [NATO] SS-5 Silo Complex Silo Cupola
04. R-14U in Silo
05. Chusovaya Diagram
06. Vaiņode, Chusovaya Unit-2 Diagram
07. R–14U Missile Installation
08. R–14U Missile on Installer Vehicle
09. R–14U Missile setting on a exterior launch pad
R-14U Chusovaya [NATO]: SS–5 “Skean” theatre ballistic missiles Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles or IRBM.
 
    
     01. Vaiņode RVSN Missile Silo Complex 
 
The 344th Missile Regiment, based in Vaiņode-Nikrace-Nigrande, had its official Winter Headquarters in Priekule, where there was a small garage for passenger trucks and duty shifts. Officers were mostly living in Priekule. Some veterans of the decommissioned R-5M [NATO] "SS-3" regiment in Paplaka were also based there. The regiment was part of the 29th. Siauliai "Lithuania" RVSN Division [See Appendix III], which also comprised the Jelgava and Dobele
Regiments, the Sergeant school and Truck Repair sites in Jelgava City, the Head-quarter in Siauliai and the Command & Communications Center near Siauliai. Plunge Regiment “79” was decommissioned already on June 18th. 1978.
Tales were told that this regiment visited Cuba during the Anadyr mission in 1963, in the West known as the "Cuban Missile Crisis" [See Appendix VI]. Some Vaiņode veterans joked that discipline at Plunge was at a very low level, because officers’ morals were degraded after lots of contacts with Cuban prostitutes. Historically, the regiment started it's military duty at Nigrande, where the first four missiles were put into operation "surface launch pads" in 1962. The Vaiņode and Nigrande “Embute” sites were still under construction in 1962, because the silo system is much more complex than the surface launch pads. Officially, the regiment was named Artillery Ammunition Depots, and even in truck waybills the route was called Depot 3 - 2 - 1 - Priekule. Vaiņode was depot 3 - third battalion. 
 
    
     02. R-14U Missile on Installer
 
Note that the Installer Vehicle “based on a un-axial tractor MAZ-529I” is different from the transporter. Also note that the Nuclear Warhead has been removed from the missile.
 
    
     03. Vaiņode R-14U Silo Complex Silo Cupola
 
View of the concrete cupola over the silo for the R-14U [NATO] SS-5 missile. The missile is 24.4 meters high, the silo 25-30 meters deep. The SS-5 would be able to travel approximately 2.000 km’s and was intended for soft targets in Western Europe. If the Missiles were to be fired the Cupola would be slide along steel tracks on the concrete surface.
 
    
     04. Diagram of a R-14U in its Silo
 
Missile in the Silo, You can see the equipment platform under the dome, the silo chamber and surrounding rooms, the inner steel tubing in the silo and the flame deflector, leading the exhaust flames to the sides and up the silo between the steel tubing and the concrete walls, to protect the missile. I think.
 
    
     05. Diagram of a Chusovaya Missile Complex 
 
Diagram of the various functions relative to the Chusovaya Complex. Note the placement of functions in the lower level of the underground unit, which has 4 main rooms: Oxidizer Storage, Diesel-Generator Hall, Electrical Control Room, Fuel Storage. Also note the underground corridors to the three silos.
 
    
     06. Diagram showing the
 
Plan of the Lower Deck of the Technological Block, called Unit-2. The four main functions are shown: Fuel and Oxidizer Intake & Storage "separated, for security, at each side of the block", the Diesel & Generator Hall and the Power Control Halls.
 
    
     07. R-14U Missile Installation
 
The Missile is just about to be lowered into the opened silo by the Installer Vehicle. Note the dome in the background it has been slide away, as shown in the Chusovaya Diagram.
 
    
     08. R-14U Missile on Installer Vehicle
 
The R-14U Missile is located right in front of the open silo. As shown in the Chusovaya Diagram. Note that transporter and installer vehicles are not the same.
 
    
     09. R-14U Missile setting on a exterior launch pad
 
 
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Revised: 02/01/2013 – 12:37:32